Minority rights / Documents


Below are the agreements and other documents of international organizations which concern the situation of national minorities and regulate their legal status.

CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union was drafted by the European Convent, which consisted of representatives of the national governments and selected members of the European Commission, of the European Parliament and of the national parliaments. They defined the main values of the European Union in 7 chapters and 54 articles. The Charta was signed on the Nice Summit on 7 December 2000.  These civil, political, economic and social rights are protected by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights in Vienna, which is active since the 1st of March, 2007. Furthermore, the goal of the agency is to familiarise the citizens of Europe with their rights; moreover it connects the organisations dealing with the protection of fundamental rights issues.

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union can be seen here.
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THE BARCELONA DECLARATION - UNIVERSAL DECLARATION ON LINGUISTIC RIGHTS

On the World Conference on Linguistic Rights on 6 June 1996 in Barcelona, the signing institutions and NGOs adopted the document which, in its preamble, expresses the “faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women” and adheres to the underlying principles of respect for all languages and their overall development.

The document can be downloaded here.
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THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION

This treaty marks a new stage in the process of ever-growing unification, in which the decisions are taken as openly as possible and as close to the citizens as possible. The European Union is based on this treaty and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

The Treaty on European Union is available here.
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THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS

The Charter of the United Nations was signed on June 26, 1945, in San Francisco and came into force in the same year on 24 October (United Nation’s Day). According to the Charter, the goal of the establishment and functioning of the United Nations is to maintain international peace and security, to develop friendly relationships between countries, to achieve cooperation in solving the economic, social, cultural and humanitarian issues faced by mankind and to act as a conciliatory panel of discussion for the activities undertaken in favour of the common goals by some of the nations.

The Charter of the United Nations can be downloaded here.
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THE OSLO RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING THE LINGUISTIC RIGHTS OF NATIONAL MINORIT